New law establishes definition, rules for autocycles

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AUSTIN – The Texas Department of Public Safety (DPS) is informing Texans about a new motor vehicle designation created by the 84th Texas Legislature through SB 449, which defines an autocycle and establishes requirements for titling, registration and operation. The law went into effect May 22, 2015.

An autocycle constitutes a motor vehicle, other than a tractor, that is:

  • designed to have when propelled not more than three wheels on the ground;
  • equipped with a steering wheel;
  • equipped with seating that does not require the operator to straddle or sit astride the seat; and
  • manufactured and certified to comply with federal safety requirements for a motorcycle.

The bill also specifies an autocycle is required to be titled and registered as a motorcycle. Additionally, an autocycle can be operated under a Class C driver license (the standard license for operating a motor vehicle).

Autocycle Requirements


Yes (helmet requirements and exceptions for autocycles are the same as those for motorcycles)

Safety inspection


Title required


Insurance required


Motorcycle training


For a more detailed chart related to autocycle rules along with title, registration, licensing and headgear requirements, see and

Additional information is also available on the Texas Department of Motor Vehicles website at

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